LAW OF MONGOLIA
April 7, 2016 Ulaanbaatar City
ABOUT ORGANIC FOOD
Article 1 The purpose of the law
1.1. The purpose of this law is to regulate relations related to conducting organic agricultural production, production of organic food, feed and fertilizers, their certification, sale, import, use and promotion of organic signs and symbols.
Article 2. Legislation on organic food
Legislation on organic food includes the Constitution of Mongolia, the Law on Food, the Law on Ensuring Food Safety, the Law on Natural Plants, the Law on Forests, the Law on Standardization, Technical Regulation, and the Law on Accreditation of Conformity Assessment. The law on quarantine control and inspection of raw materials and products of their origin at the state border, this law and other legislative acts enacted in conformity with these laws.
/ This part was amended according to the law dated December 21, 2017 /
2.2. If an international treaty to which Mongolia is a party provides otherwise than this law, the provisions of the international treaty shall prevail.
Article 3 Scope of the law
3.1. This law shall apply to organic food of agricultural origin and unprocessed raw materials, products, organic food produced using natural plants, organic animal feed, organic fertilizers, seeds and seedlings.
3.2. This law shall not regulate the production of organic food from raw materials of animal origin and the production of public food.
Article 4. Definition of legal terms
The following terms used in this law shall have the following meanings:
4.1.1. “Organic food” means as specified in Article 3.1.5 of the Food Law;
4.1.2. “Organic production” means to engage in primary agricultural and food processing organic production in accordance with the requirements set forth in this law;
4.1.3. “Transition period” means the period from the conclusion of a contract with a person authorized to carry out certification specified in Articles 10.1 and 10.2 of this Law to the full transition to organic production;
4.1.5. “GMO” means specified in Article 3.1.2 of the Law on GMOs.
Article 5 Principles of organic production
The following principles shall be followed in organic production:
5.1.1. To protect the health and safety of soil, water, air, plants, animals and population;
5.1.2. Organic production shall not have negative impact on ecosystem and ecological stability shall be maintained;
5.1.3. To be based on fair market competition and to follow fair and compassionate principles at all stages of production;
5.1.4. To engage in the production of responsible methods and technologies aimed at protecting the environment, present and future generations' health and well-being, and preserving the organic and natural properties of products.
Food, feed and fertilizer containing 90% or more of organic ingredients shall be considered organic.