GUIDE TO EXPORT
Customs clearance and regime:
A customs clerarance represents activities to be conducted by customs authority and determined by Customs law, other regulations and legal act of central customs authority. The customs export clearance is a set of acts beginning from declaration of goods to be taken through customs border at customs authority up to inspection of customs documents, if necessary of goods, and permission to enter goods through customs border after payment of imposed duty.
A custom regime means the norms, conditions and requirements established on goods and vehicles to be crossed across customs border. Choosing a regime provides with the possibility for location of goods and solution of other correlated matters relating to stages of customs clearance and inspection, amount and percentage of customs duties and taxes due for current goods.
Types of regimes for exit of goods abroad:
- Export of goods;
- Temporary export of goods abroad;
- Processing goods abroad;
- Re-export of goods abroad.
The exporter shall declare the goods at the Customs General Authority.
Except customs declaration there should be completed following documents in order to export goods:
For detailed information visit: email@example.com .
Mongolia uses customs tariffs for export goods.
Customs tariffs, their amounts and percentages, as well as list of goods for export are subject to approval eby Parliament.
For detailed information on customs tariffs and list of goods visit: firstname.lastname@example.org
Prohibited and restricted goods
Before exporting goods from Mongolia the exporter shall verify whether or not the current goods are included into classes of goods impossible or prohibited for exporting. Prohibited goods include 13 items such as plants, perennial plant roots, root stems, root fruit, narcotic and psychotropic substances, chemical harmful substances, advertising materials for alcoholic beverages and tobacco products, press, books, literature, videos, pictures and others promoting pornography, pyrotechnics.
For detailed information on prohibited goods visit: email@example.com
Export permit, license and certificate
Mongolia uses most broadly the license form among non-tarrif restriction methods for regulation of foreign trade.
The Government is putting control over certain types of export goods by the way of granting permit and license.
Business enterrpises, legal persons and individuals engaged in foreign trade are needed to obtain license from competent Authority of public administration in order to exit goods requiring permit and license through the state border and the Customs Authority shall conduct clearance and permit entrance of goods through border based on present license, permission and other documents required according to customs clearance regimes.
Exporters will apply for the necessary permits, licenses and certificate at the following Ministries and Agencies:
General Authority for Veterinary Services
Certificate of origin
A certificate of origin is a document proving the manufactured country or country of origin of current goods. Certification of origin of any good has influence upon amount of importer’s customs tariff, thus there is required to fill it out in conformity with laws and regulations of current country.
The certificate of origin of goods is subject to issuance by competent authority of current country. An absence of certificate of origin results in imposement of customs tariff upon current goods in amounts of ordinary customs tariff by the importer’s customs authority.
In regard of Mongolia, the Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCI) is entitled for issuance of certificate of origin and it uses trade and customs tariff concessions of twenty seven highly developed countries (Australia, Canda, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, USA, Belorussia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey and fifteen European states) according to Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). This concession would be obtained based on certificate of origin or FORM-A. The certificate of origin should be filled out in English, the language of international trade, and in Russian, in the case of exporting into Russia.
The MNCCI receives from exporters an electronically filled out certificate of origin.
In order to receive a certificate of origin an application including following information should be provided:
Customs valuation of export goods
In order to determine customs value of goods following method should be used according to secuence below:
The transaction value method
The costs calculation method;
The transaction value method for identifical or similar goods
The market value research method
For detailed information on customs valuation visit: firstname.lastname@example.org .